FLOOD-ERA is a European research project funded by the CRUE ERA-NET under the 1st pilot call and involving 5 research institutions from Germany, United Kingdom and Austria. It is dealing with the evaluation of structural and in particular non-structural measures as part of flood risk management strategies. Overall background is the fact that risk reduction as overall aim of flood risk management can be achievable in different ways. In the past, flood disasters were predominately understood as natural phenomenon. Accordingly measures focused on flood control, like dams, dikes, and so forth. Since these measures depend on structural works of hydraulic engineers, they were traditionally summarised as "structural measures". In contrast, non-structural measures cover all activities which do not belong to these structural works. They cover a wide spectrum of different types of mitigation activities, like for instance planning instruments, warning tools and insurances.
The meaning of non-structural measures is rising due to the ongoing paradigm change from "flood protection" towards "risk management". This sheds additional light on the mitigation of the societal vulnerability. FLOOD-ERA therefore puts emphasis on the methodological challenges of evaluating non-structural measures even in comparison to structural measures. Moreover it tries to identify context conditions of decision makers, like legal regulations, planning systems, which may influence their choice as additional or alternative options for risk reduction. Beside theoretical and methodological research the project encompasses site-specific investigations in the European Member States of the research parties.
15.10.06 - 15.04.08